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Release Date: 1st February 2016

To access the original FCA document, click here.


The FCA fined Shay Jacob Reches £1,050,000 for his misconduct in the UK and European insurance market, with an additional penalty of up to £13,130,000 depending on his repayment to various insurers. The FCA also prohibited him from performing any function related to regulated activities. The fine was reduced from £1,500,000 due to early settlement.

During the period from December 2010 to September 2013, Reches was involved in insurance schemes that failed, including professional indemnity insurance for solicitors. These schemes left insurers unable to pay claims, resulting in substantial liabilities for the FSCS. Entities controlled by Reches, such as Millburn Insurance Company, were central to these failures. Reches demonstrated a lack of integrity and was reckless in directing payments away from insurers to third parties, causing insurers to be unable to meet their obligations. This misconduct contributed to the insolvency of European Risk Insurance Company and Balva Insurance Company, leaving the FSCS with significant claims.

Key Takeaways for Other Firms:


This case highlights the necessity for transparency and adherence to regulatory standards in the insurance industry. Firms must ensure comprehensive internal controls and ethical leadership to avoid severe penalties and protect consumer interests. The FCA’s actions underscore the importance of regulatory compliance and open communication to maintain market integrity and consumer protection.

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