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Release Date: 13th October 2023

To access the original FCA document, click here.


Equifax Limited has been fined £11,164,400 by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) for failing to protect personal data adequately, leading to one of the largest cybersecurity breaches in history. The breach, which occurred in 2017, exposed the personal data of millions of individuals in the US, UK, and Canada. Equifax Limited’s inadequate risk management and failure to maintain secure data handling and processing frameworks resulted in significant data exposure and mishandling of the incident’s aftermath.

Key Takeaways for Other Firms:


The FCA’s penalty against Equifax Limited underscores the importance of stringent cybersecurity practices, effective risk management, and transparent communication. Firms must take proactive measures to protect consumer data and manage outsourcing arrangements carefully to avoid severe regulatory penalties and reputational damage.

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